Richard René Silvin was raised in
Switzerland and received two graduate
degrees from Cornell University. He was the
Chief Executive Officer of a publicly traded,
investor-owned hospital corporation, listed
on the Zurich and London Stock Exchanges
(AMI International, Inc.). Silvin left the
business world after surviving a late-stage
cancer and took up writing as a retirement
passion. Silvin has published five books,
including a memoir about his friendship with the Duchess of Windsor,
a coffee table book chronicling the life and work of society architect
Addison Mizner, and, most recently, the spectacular “Normandie:
The Tragic Story of the Most Majestic Ocean Liner.”
From Necessity to Glamour: The Evolution of Transatlantic Travel
Silvin will begin this comprehensive account of North Atlantic
travel in 1837 with the 178-foot, side-wheel, wooden SS Sirius.
He will illustrate the evolution of transatlantic liners during
each subsequent decade as British, German, French and later,
Italian and American, ships competed in size, speed and luxury.
By the turn of the 19th century, the German flagship SS Kaiser
Wilhelm der Grosse and its British rival, Mauretania, were five
times longer, 30 times heavier and twice as fast as the Sirius was
60 years earlier.
As the number and quality of vessels crossing the Atlantic grew,
shipping became one of the world’s most important industries.
The leading shipping companies focused on both the lucrative
market of carrying large numbers of immigrants to the United
States and the more glamorous luxury passenger market, which
focused on lavish interiors, high quality service and food, as well
While not a term used in the early part of the 20th century,
globalization began to take hold in large part thanks to the
transatlantic connection ocean liners created, linking the Old and
the New World for culture, fashion and business.
With the emergence of rapidly improving technology, ships
became bigger, better and more luxurious in the 20th century.
Although the well-known story of the Titanic disaster in 1912 was
a sobering reminder of the inherent dangers of ground-breaking
innovations, transatlantic liners continued to make significant
strides in technological improvements. Because the leading West
European countries used ships as mail carriers and considered
them symbolic ambassadors, governmental financial subsidies
became part of the negotiations to build better and faster vessels.
European countries also competed to capture the coveted Blue
Riband, the award given to the fastest ship to cross the Atlantic
and first attributed to the Sirius in 1837. Eventually, the title
became a symbol of international pride and was exchanged
between several European countries that continued to outdo
themselves and their competitors for speed across the Atlantic.
As the 20th century progressed, the two World Wars played a
major role in transatlantic travel, when liners were converted into
troop carriers. After the wars, Germany’s impressive fleets were
either destroyed or seized by the allies and rechristened, flying
American and British flags after being reintroduced into
The presentation also discusses the advent of the “thousand
footers,” the first being France’s “floating museum” as the
Normandie was called. The British Queen Mary and Queen
Elizabeth quickly followed, both playing important roles in the
Second World War and then going on to resume passenger
service, which lasted into the 1960s.
The emergence of jet airliners as a much faster way to cross the
Atlantic, and the skyrocketing cost of fuel in the 1970s, drove
luxury transatlantic travel into obsolescence.
Silvin concludes the presentation recounting how most of the
great pre-Second World War liners were sadly, yet inevitably,
scrapped and replaced by what he calls “Hyatts on a barge,”
as the profitable cruise industry took hold.
Register Early! There is a $5 charge for registering on the day of a one-time lecture or event.
|Course # W1RA — One Time Event
|Place:||Room 151 (Annex), Lifelong Learning Complex, Jupiter Campus|
|Dates:||Thursday, February 9 2017 |
|Time:||11:15 - 12:45 PM|
|Fee:||$25 / member; $35 / non-member|